Acronyms Explained: TWIST + TP-CASTT

By Emily Swartz

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Analysis of literature and poetry can sometimes be difficult for students to grasp. With the help of acronyms, however, key themes and ideas can be more easily discovered and understood! Two acronyms to start incorporating with your ELA students are TWIST and TP-CASTT. Both highlight important concepts from the work and will help increase overall literary comprehension!


TWIST Literary Analysis

( TWIST Lesson PlanBuy PosterBuy PDF )

TWIST is a key method in literary analysis. As shown in the graphic above, TWIST stands for Tone, Word Choice, Imagery, Style, and Theme. All of these topics are important for students to understand while reading and using a storyboard to visualize TWIST can definitely increase their comprehension.

Below is an example of a TWIST analysis for “The Birthmark” by Nathaniel Hawthorne. To learn more about the TWIST method and examples of tone words, find our free article here!

The Birthmark - TWIST Analysis
The Birthmark - TWIST Analysis


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TP-CASTT Analysis
( TPCASTT Lesson PlanBuy PosterBuy PDF )

Another acronym to start using during ELA units is TP-CASTT. This acronym is traditionally used with poetry, but can be applied to other types of literature, including short stories and chapters in novels.

TP-CASTT helps students look at a work of literature at large while also diving into specific details. By analyzing the title twice and including a paraphrase step, students must revisit the idea of topic and practice summarizing as well!

Take it one step further by asking your students to create a storyboard for their TP-CASTT analysis! Storyboarding helps students visualize each topic in the acronym and increases overall understanding of the story.

Here’s a great example of using the TP-CASTT acronym to examine “Sonnet 73” by William Shakespeare. Create one today using our TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis article!

Sonnet 73 TPCASTT
Sonnet 73 TPCASTT


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•   (English) Acronyms Explained: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Español) Acrónimos Explicados - TPIET + TP-CASTT   •   (Français) Acronymes Expliqués: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Deutsch) Erläuterte Akronyme: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Italiana) Acronimi Spiegato: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Nederlands) Acroniemen Uitgelegd: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Português) Acrônimos Explicados: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (עברית) ראשי התיבות סבירות: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (العَرَبِيَّة) المختصرات وأوضح: تويست + TP-CASTT   •   (हिन्दी) अक्षांश समझाए गए: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (ру́сский язы́к) Сокращения Разъяснения: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Dansk) Akronymer Forklaret: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Svenska) Förkortningar Explained: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Suomi) Lyhenteet Selitys: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Norsk) Akronymer Forklart: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Türkçe) Kısaltmalar Açıklaması: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Polski) Wyjaśnienie Skrótów: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Româna) Acronime Explicat: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Ceština) Akronymy Vysvětlení: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Slovenský) Skrátené Akronymy: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Magyar) Rövidítések Magyarázata: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Hrvatski) Akronimi Objasnio: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (български) Акроними Обяснени: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Lietuvos) Akronimai Paaiškino: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Slovenščina) Kratice Explained: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (Latvijas) Akronīmi Explained: TWIST + TP-CASTT   •   (eesti) Akronüümid Selgitas: TWIST + TP-CASTT