Uanset hvad de blev navngivet, ville William Shakespeare's skuespil stadig være fantastiske kunstværker, så det kan ikke være noget, hvad vi kalder dem. Generelt set skrev Shakespeare tre typer af spil: Tragedie, Komedie og Historie. Disse navne hjælper os med at forstå arketyperne af et spil og bedre analysere dets begivenheder. Tusindvis af Comedy of Romeo og Juliet ville være et helt andet spil fra The Tragedy of Romeo og Juliet. Måske ville det være en farce om to stjernekorsede elskere, dømt til at lide humoristiske fejl i identitet og bumbling tjenere. Det ville ikke være historien om ve, vi er alle så bekendt med.
Elements of Shakespeare Romances | Shakespeare's Tragicomedies
Shakespeare's Romances are characterized by: A conflict that gets resolved A central older male figure of noble descent A love interest Elements of the Supernatural Themes on a Grand Scale
Conflict Begins the Play / Resolved by the End
Central Older Male Figure of Nobility
Examples from The Tempest by William Shakespeare
On the way home from Alonso's daughter's wedding, a storm strikes their ship and shipwrecks Alonso, Ferdinand, Antonio, Gonzalo, Stephano, Trinculo, and Sebastian on an island. The men are split up, and Alonso thinks Ferdinand is dead.
Elements of the Supernatural
Prospero, Antonio, and Alonso. Prospero was the Duke of Milan before his brother Antonio (in a plot with Alonso, the King of Naples) usurped his throne and forced him to flee.
Themes on a Grander Scale
Miranda, Prospero's daughter, and Ferdinand run into each other on the island, and they instantly fall for one another. This is part of Prospero's plot to take back his rightful place as Duke of Milan.
Prospero has been studying sorcery for the 12 years he's been exiled. He causes the tempest to bring the boat with his brothers to the island. Ariel turns himself into a sea nymph and controls some of the men with music.
While Prospero regains his throne, the theme of the play looks at restoration and forgiveness on a grander scale. If Prospero can forgive his brother's treachery, surely it is possible for real people to do the same. In doing so, both peace and stability are rewards for forgiveness. Instead of pursuing pure revenge, Prospero curbs his bloodlust and still regains his power.