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The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark by William Shakespeare

Lesson Plans by Rebecca Ray

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Hamlet Lesson Plans | Hamlet Analysis | Tragedy of Hamlet


One of the most quoted lines of Shakespeare comes from Hamlet: "To be or not to be, that is the question!" Inspire and engage your students with captivating storyboards as you teach The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, a dark tale of a prince consumed by revenge. Bring the vivid imagery to life with these activities that incorporate all four strands of the ELA Common Core State Standards.

Student Activities for Hamlet Include:



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Brief Hamlet Summary

The Tragedy of Hamlet by William Shakespeare takes place in Elsinore Castle, the home of Denmark’s royal family. A ghost resembling the recently dead King Hamlet, has been spotted walking throughout the Castle. Prince Hamlet, the late King’s son, comes to speak to the ghost. The King tells his son that he was murdered by Claudius, the King’s brother, who inherited the throne and married the queen, Gertrude. Before disappearing, the ghost orders his son to seek revenge.

Prince Hamlet, a devoted son, agrees to avenge his father’s death but is overwhelmed by the weight of the task. Hamlet has been moody and depressed since his father’s death, and now becomes manic. Claudius and Gertrude had asked two of Hamlet’s good friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, to spy on him, but even they are unable to discover the cause of Hamlet’s strange behavior.

Before long, Hamlet devises a plan to test his uncle. A group of actors have come to perform at the castle, and Hamlet instructs them to perform a scene resembling his father’s death. Horatio, one of Hamlet’s oldest friends, and the only other person who knows of the murder, agrees to watch Claudius’ reaction.

During the sequence, Claudius runs to pray. Horatio and Hamlet believe this suffices to prove his guilt. Hamlet goes after Claudius with the intent to kill him, but hesitates, and refuses to kill Claudius while in prayer.

Hamlet then confronts his mother about his father’s death and her new husband. While in her room, he hears something behind the curtain. Thinking it is Claudius, he draws his sword, stabs through the curtain. The person behind the curtain was Claudius’s chief counselor, Polonius.

Hamlet is banished to England with for accidentally killing Polonius. The King sends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, along with signed orders for the King of England to kill the prince. Knowing their treachery, Hamlet switches out the letter with orders to kill Rosencrantz and Guildenstern instead. The two men are executed, and Hamlet returns to Denmark.

Back in Denmark, Polonius’s his daughter, Ophelia, who had been courting Hamlet, drowns herself in a river. Polonius’s son, Laertes, vows to avenge his father’s death, and blames Hamlet for Ophelia’s death as well. Claudius and Laertes devise a plan to kill Hamlet during a fencing match.

In the match, Hamlet scores the first point. Claudius offers him a drink from a poisoned goblet but Hamlet declines. Instead, his mother takes a drink and it kills her. Hamlet is struck by Laertes with a poisoned sword, and in a scuffle over blades, the two switch swords, and Laertes is shortly after wounded with the poison blade as well. Before he dies, Laertes confesses to Hamlet that Claudius poisoned the goblet. Hamlet stabs Claudius, and forces him to drink the rest of the poison from the goblet. Horatio attempts to drink from the poison goblet, but Hamlet orders him to stay alive to tell the tale. Fortinbras, King of Norway, arrives to find the entire royal family dead, Horatio tells him the story of what has happened, and Fortinbras takes the crown for himself.


Essential Questions For The Tragedy of Hamlet

  1. What decisions will I make today that will affect my life in the future?
  2. How would knowing what will happen after death affect the way I live?
  3. When is it appropriate to act on impulses, and when should care and consideration be taken?

Other Hamlet Activity Ideas

  1. Create storyboards that show a contrast between times Hamlet acted quickly and when he was methodical. Show how the outcomes were different.
  2. Depict an event from the play that, if it happened differently, would have changed the entire play.
  3. Create a parody or satire of the play as if it took place now with social networking! Storyboard That has the icons you need to adapt Hamlet to your favorite website!
  4. Depict the important parts of the famous Hamlet soliloquy, “To be, or not to be...”, in six cells.
  5. Add a presentation to any storyboard project to showcase your abilities! (And hit CCSS Speaking and Listening Standards!)


Create a Storyboard 

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Create a Storyboard 

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Prefer a different language?

•   (English) The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark   •   (Español) La Tragedia de Hamlet, Príncipe de Dinamarca   •   (Français) La Tragédie D'Hamlet, Prince de Danemark   •   (Deutsch) Die Tragödie von Hamlet, Prinz von Dänemark   •   (Italiana) La Tragedia di Amleto, Principe di Danimarca   •   (Nederlands) De Tragedie van Hamlet, Prins van Denemarken   •   (Português) A Tragédia de Hamlet, Príncipe da Dinamarca   •   (עברית) הטרגדיה של המלט, נסיך דנמרק   •   (العَرَبِيَّة) مأساة هاملت، أمير الدانمارك   •   (हिन्दी) डेनमार्क का पुरवा, राजकुमार की त्रासदी   •   (ру́сский язы́к) Трагедия Гамлета, Принца Дании   •   (Dansk) Tragedien i Hamlet, Prins af Danmark   •   (Svenska) Tragedin av Hamlet, Prins av Danmark   •   (Suomi) Tragedia Hamlet, Tanskan Prinssi   •   (Norsk) Den Tragedien Hamlet, Prins av Danmark   •   (Türkçe) Danimarka Prensi Hamlet Trajedisi   •   (Polski) Tragedia Hamleta, Księcia Danii   •   (Româna) Tragedia Hamlet, Prințul Danemarcei   •   (Ceština) Tragédie Hamlet, Princ Dánska   •   (Slovenský) Tragédie Hamlet, Princ Dánska   •   (Magyar) Tragédiája Hamlet, dán Királyfi   •   (Hrvatski) Tragedija Hamleta, Princa Danske   •   (български) Трагедията на Хамлет, Княз на Дания   •   (Lietuvos) Hamletas, Prince Danijos Tragedija   •   (Slovenščina) Tragedija Hamlet, Prince Danske   •   (Latvijas) Traģēdija Hamlet, Prince Dānijas   •   (eesti) Tragöödia Hamlet, Prince Taani

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