The Tragedy of Macbeth by William Shakespeare

Lesson Plans by Rebecca Ray

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Tragedy of Macbeth Lesson Plans | Macbeth Unit Plan | Macbeth Storyboard

William Shakespeare's Macbeth continues to be one of his most celebrated plays, even today. While it is not one of his more elaborately constructed works, it nonetheless examines the complicated nature of the human soul, especially when tempted with power and ambition. We watch Macbeth as he is tempted by the lure of the crown, and ultimately—with prodding from Lady Macbeth—decides to murder King Duncan and usurp the throne. In this moment, he becomes not a king, but a tyrant, and ultimately it is this flaw in his character, his violent ambition, that leads to his downfall. The play examines important themes such as the danger of unbridled ambition, the contrast between a true leader and a tyrant, and the age-old debate of fate vs. free will in a person's life.

Student Activities for Macbeth Include:

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Macbeth Summary

The Tragedy of Macbeth is one of William Shakespeare's best-known works. The shortest (and one of the bloodiest) of Shakespeare's tragedies, the story begins with victory and honors for the brave Scottish general, Macbeth. The play follows his descent from noble soldier to nefarious traitor.

As the play begins, Macbeth receives a prophecy from three witches that one day he will become king. This prediction inevitably consumes him with ambition and greed. He is further led down his treacherous path by his wife, Lady Macbeth, who urges him to murder King Duncan and seize the throne without hesitation. Having done so, and ascended to the throne, Macbeth is consumed by guilt and fear. He becomes tyrannical, paranoid, and suspicious. He resorts to killing others to secure his place, and, as the bloodbath continues, this drives both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth to arrogance, madness, and their eventual deaths.

Macbeth’s good friend, Banquo also was also given a prophecy by the witches. They said that, although Banquo would never be a king, he would produce a line of kings. Banquo accepted this fate with patience while Macbeth took action against Banquo and his son, Fleance.

Macbeth is not Shakespeare’s most complex play, but it is one of his most thrilling and emotionally intense. Shakespeare’s other major tragedies explore the intellectual dilemmas faced by the characters, while Macbeth meteorically rises and plummets from beginning to end.

Essential Questions For Macbeth

  1. How does ambition motivate people, as both a positive and negative trait?
  2. When do you feel guilt, and when do you experience remorse?
  3. To what extent, and in what ways does power affect a person's actions?

Other Macbeth Activity Ideas

  1. Create your own Macbeth summary set in a different time period.
  2. Who's the third murderer of Banquo? Come up with a solution to this mystery!
  3. Connect the witches' prophecy to Macbeth's downfall in each act.
  4. Show the ways Lady Macbeth portrays the theme of ambition.
  5. Visually depict a major soliloquy or monologue from the play.

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•   (English) The Tragedy of Macbeth   •   (Español) La Tragedia de Macbeth   •   (Français) La Tragédie de Macbeth   •   (Deutsch) Die Tragödie von Macbeth   •   (Italiana) La Tragedia di Macbeth   •   (Nederlands) De Tragedie van Macbeth   •   (Português) A Tragédia de Macbeth   •   (עברית) הטרגדיה של מקבת   •   (العَرَبِيَّة) مأساة ماكبث   •   (हिन्दी) मैकबेथ की त्रासदी   •   (ру́сский язы́к) Трагедия Макбета   •   (Dansk) Tragedien i Macbeth   •   (Svenska) Tragedin av Macbeth   •   (Suomi) Tragedia Macbeth   •   (Norsk) Den Tragedy of Macbeth   •   (Türkçe) Macbeth'in Trajedisi   •   (Polski) Tragedia Makbetu   •   (Româna) Tragedia Macbeth   •   (Ceština) Tragédie Macbeth   •   (Slovenský) Tragédia Macbeth   •   (Magyar) Tragédiája Macbeth   •   (Hrvatski) Tragedija Macbeth   •   (български) Трагедията на Макбет   •   (Lietuvos) Iš Makbet Tragedija   •   (Slovenščina) Tragedija Macbeth   •   (Latvijas) Traģēdija Makbeta   •   (eesti) Tragöödia Macbeth