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"The Masque of the Red Death" by Edgar Allan Poe

Lesson Plans by Rebecca Ray

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The Mask of the Red Death Lesson Plans | Edgar Allan Poe


“The Masque of the Red Death” is a dark and eerie tale about a prince who arrogantly thinks he can cheat death, using his wealth and power to shield himself and the nobles of his kingdom. At its heart is the universal theme that no one can escape death. It's a perfect short story for students to hunt down symbols and allegory, and can spark a conversation about creating suspense.

Student Activities for The Masque of the Red Death Include:



Create a Storyboard 

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Create a Storyboard 

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A Quick Synopsis of “The Masque of the Red Death” by Edgar Allan Poe

In the kingdom of Prince Prospero, a disease, the Red Death, viciously and gruesomely kills all who contract it. As it runs its course throughout his kingdom, Prospero decides to escape its grasp by inviting all the nobles to his castle and welding the doors shut, so they can all wait out the plague in his lavishly decorated castle.

One night, Prospero holds a masquerade ball. He decorates seven rooms, each with a different color: blue, purple, green, orange, white, violet, and black. All the rooms are magnificently ostentatious with stained glass windows of the coordinating color, except for the final black room which has red stained glass windows. This room is so disturbing that no one enters the room. Even more mysterious is a large ebony clock which chimes every hour, halting the exaltation of revelers with its foreboding strike.

As the party goes on and the clock is about to strike midnight, an enigmatic guest appears dressed as a plague victim. Deeply disturbed by a guest's poor judgment, Prospero engages with the visitor, finally pursuing him with a dagger through the seven colored rooms. As he reaches the figure in the final room, Prospero falls dead. The other guests subdue the intruder and forcibly remove his mask, finding, to their horror, there is no one beneath the costume. They also die. The Red Death infiltrated the castle, despite Prospero’s efforts to escape it.


Essential Questions for “The Masque of the Red Death”

  1. How can an author can build suspense?
  2. How do effective writers create mood in their short stories?
  3. How does Poe's use of setting, symbolism, personification, and simile impact the story overall?

Other Activity Ideas for "The Masque of the Red Death"

  1. Have students create a storyboard that shows the events of the story from different points of view; peasantry, nobles, or Prospero.
  2. Ask students to create a modern adaptation of the story, connecting with the themes they studied!
  3. Have students demonstrate how Poe builds suspense by creating a storyboard that focuses only on the rising action.
  4. Add a presentation to any storyboard project.

Create a Storyboard 

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Prefer a different language?

•   (English) The Masque of the Red Death   •   (Español) La Máscara de la Muerte Roja   •   (Français) Le Masque de la Mort Rouge   •   (Deutsch) Die Maske des Roten Todes   •   (Italiana) La Maschera Della Morte Rossa   •   (Nederlands) Het Masker van de Rode Dood   •   (Português) O Máscara da Morte Vermelha   •   (עברית) Masque המוות האדום   •   (العَرَبِيَّة) قناع الموت الأحمر   •   (हिन्दी) द मास्क ऑफ़ द रेड डेथ   •   (ру́сский язы́к) Маска Красной Смерти   •   (Dansk) Den Masque af Røde Døden   •   (Svenska) The Masque of the Red Death   •   (Suomi) Naamion Poistamisen Punaisen Kuoleman   •   (Norsk) Den Masque Røde Døden   •   (Türkçe) Kırmızı Ölüm Maskesi   •   (Polski) Maska Czerwonej Śmierci   •   (Româna) Masca Morții Roșii   •   (Ceština) Maska Červené Smrti   •   (Slovenský) Maska Červenej Smrti   •   (Magyar) A Maszk a Vörös Halál   •   (Hrvatski) Maska Crvene Smrti   •   (български) Маската на Червената Смърт   •   (Lietuvos) Raudonosios Mirties Kaukė   •   (Slovenščina) Maska Rdeče Smrti   •   (Latvijas) Masku Sarkanās Nāves   •   (eesti) Mask, Punase Death