The author uses many different types of figurative language throughout the story. Some other examples of figurative language that are used are similes, metaphors, personification, idioms, and onomatopoeia. The very fact that the animals talk and have human personalities is an example of personification throughout the whole story. For this activity, students will identify and illustrate three examples of figurative language in The One and Only Ivan. Teachers may want to give the students a list of examples, or have them do a “scavenger hunt” either as they read, or as an activity after reading.
Examples of Figurative Language from The One and Only Ivan:
- “A big, white truck belches smoke.” (Personification)
- ”The ramp groans under the heavy weight.” (Personification)
- ”The back of the truck was a dark cave.” (Metaphor)
- ”Her ears were flapping like palm leaves.” (Simile)
- ”We sit where we are. Like an old beast too tired to push on.” (Simile)
- ”Her pictures are like pieces of a dream.” (Simile)
- ”They drifted past my domain like logs on a lazy river.” (Simile)
- ”Money is tight.” (Idiom)
- ”Their trunks twirled together like jungle vines.” (Simile)
- ”Humans waste words. They toss them like banana peels and leave them to rot.” (Simile)
- ”I wear a snowy saddle of fur, the uniform of a silverback.” (Metaphor)
- ”Beyond the lots is a freeway where cars stampede without end.” (Personification)
- ”The sign is fading, the colors bleeding, but I know what it says.” (Personification)
- ”My drawings seem pale and timid next to Julia’s.” (Personification)
- ”Stella is a mountain. Next to her I am a rock. Bob is a grain of sand.” (Personification)
Objective: Create a 3 cell spider map, illustrating and describing three examples of figurative language in The One and Only Ivan.
- Click "Start Assignment".
- Write the example and page number in the description box. In addition, write what the author is intending to say, or the literal meaning.
- Illustrate each example using scenes, characters, and items.
- Save and submit storyboard.
Lesson Plan Reference
Grade Level 4-6
Difficulty Level 3 (Developing to Mastery)
Type of Assignment Individual
Type of Activity: Figurative Language
Common Core Standards
[ELA-Literacy/RL/6/4] Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone
[ELA-Literacy/RL/5/4] Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.
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