The causes of and events leading up to the American Revolution are integral to understanding the revolution as whole, including how it happened, why it happened, and why events unfolded the way they did during the revolution itself. Many of the most crucial developments occurred between the development of the British colonies and the start of the Revolutionary War, and it's important for students to have a good grasp of this background before they dive into the revolution.
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Timeline of the 13 Colonies and the American Revolution | Pre-Revolutionary War Timeline
The Proclamation Act of 1763
ACTS AND ACTIONS, 1764-1773
Issued by King George III after the French and Indian War, this act restrained colonists from venturing west of the Appalachian Mountains. Colonists saw it as a restriction on their liberties since they fought and died to win that land.
The Stamp Act of 1765-66
The Quartering Act of 1765
The Quartering Act of 1765 was seen as a grave intrusion on colonial life. The act declared that colonists must house, feed, and tend to British soldiers at any time. Moreover, they had to do so with their own precious supplies.
The Stamp Act of 1765 taxed all legal documents, including everyday notices, and even newspapers! By boycotting British goods and the act itself, the colonists eventually forced King George III to repeal the act in 1766, a small victory for the colonists.
The Boston Massacre of 1770
Five people were killed and several others injured in a skirmish between colonists and British soldiers on March 5th, 1770. The 'massacre' sparked further violent unrest and marks a major change in tensions between British soldiers and the citizens of Massachusetts.
The Tea Act, Boston Tea Party of 1773
The First Continental Congress, 1774
The Tea Act of 1773 effectively monopolized Britain's control on the tea trade and tea prices in the colonies. In protest, dozens of colonists, disguised as Native Americans, stormed British ships and destroyed thousands of pounds of tea by throwing it into Boston Harbor.
Fifty-six delegates met in Philadelphia, PA to formally oppose British policy and call for the formation of militia for protection. Notable members included Samuel Adams, George Washington, and John Hancock.